4-6

4-6. Cardiovascular disease prevalence

4-6-1. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

4-6-2. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

4-6-3. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

4-6-4. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

4-6-5. Cardiovascular disease prevalence – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

4-6-1. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, around one in 11 (9.1%) South Australians aged 18 years or more were living with cardiovascular disease, defined here as ever had doctor-diagnosed heart attack, angina, heart disease and/or stroke1.
  • The prevalence of cardiovascular disease in metropolitan Adelaide (10.0%) is statistically significantly higher than the Country SA rate of 7.1%1.
  • No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting living with cardiovascular disease was identified, either for metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA residents1.

 

Cardiovascular disease prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2016
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide LHN 12.2%
Central Adelaide LHN 9.1%
Southern Adelaide LHN 8.8%
Metropolitan Adelaide 10.0%
Country SA LHN 7.1%
South Australia 9.1%
Australia n.a.

4-6-1

Data source: SA Health 2017

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4-6-2. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over living with cardiovascular disease - defined here as ever had doctor-diagnosed heart attack, angina, heart disease and/or stroke - was statistically significantly higher for males (11.5%) than females (6.9%)1.
  • The prevalence of cardiovascular disease is also correlated with age1.

 


Cardiovascular disease prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2016
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 0.0% 0.0%
25-34 0.0% 0.7%
35-44 1.4% 3.5%
45-54 5.3% 3.1%
55-64 14.0% 7.1%
65-74 30.3% 18.7%
75+ 42.6% 24.5%
All ages 11.5% 6.9%

4-6-2

Data source: SA Health 2017

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4-6-3. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2016, there was no statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over living with cardiovascular disease - defined here as ever had doctor-diagnosed heart attack, angina, heart disease and/or stroke - and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.

 

Cardiovascular disease prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 10.9%
Low SES 11.7%
Middle SES 7.4%
High SES 10.1%
Highest SES 5.6%

4-6-3

Data source: SA Health 2017

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4-6-4. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people of all ages who have been told by a doctor or nurse that they have a cardiovascular condition. It is not directly comparable with data presented in 4-6-1 to 4-6-3 above from the state-wide survey.
  • This measure includes the following current and long-term conditions: oedema; heart failure; diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries; and the following conditions whether or not current and long-term: ischaemic heart diseases (angina, heart attack and other ischaemic heart diseases); cerebrovascular diseases (stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases)2.
  • The national survey estimates that 4.5% of the age-standardised South Australian population self-reported having a cardiovascular disease2.
  • The South Australian rate is level with the estimated Australia-wide rate (4.7%) and sits in the middle of a similar band of rates reported for most of the states and territories2.

 


Prevalence of heart, stroke and vascular disease (all ages), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 3.8%
Australian Capital Territory 3.9%
Western Australia 4.2%
New South Wales 4.4%
South Australia 4.5%
Victoria 4.9%
Queensland 5.2%
Tasmania 6.3%
Australia 4.7%

4-6-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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4-6-5. Cardiovascular disease prevalence – Aboriginal people

  • The prevalence of heart and circulatory problems/diseases in the South Australian Aboriginal population (aged two years and over) was 12.5% in 2012-13, only very slightly below the national average for Aboriginal people of 12.7%3.
  • Heart and circulatory problems/diseases are defined here as hypertensive disease; ischaemic heart diseases; other heart diseases; tachycardia; cerebrovascular diseases; oedema; diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries; diseases of the veins, lymphatic vessels, other diseases of the circulatory system; and symptoms and signs involving the circulatory system3.
  • The 12.5% of Aboriginal people in South Australia living with cardiovascular disease is substantially higher than the all-person prevalence for this state (see 4-6-4 above). However, readers should note that figures are not directly comparable as the figures in 4-6-4 are age-standardised3.
  • Compared to Aboriginal people in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked fourth highest for this indicator3.

 


Cardiovascular disease prevalence --Aboriginal people (aged 2+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Australian Capital Territory 8.8%
Victoria 10.0%
Queensland 11.9%
Western Australia 12.2%
South Australia 12.5%
New South Wales 13.3%
Northern Territory 14.7%
Tasmania 15.2%
Australia 12.7%

4-6-5

Data source: ABS 2014

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2017, Population Health Surveys, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2014), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons,' Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: Updated results 2012-13, cat. no. 4727.0.55.006, viewed 19 August 2014.