4-6. Cardiovascular disease prevalence
4-6-1. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network
- In 2015, around one in 12 (8.1%) South Australians aged 18 years or more were living with cardiovascular disease, defined here as ever had doctor-diagnosed heart attack, angina, heart disease and/or stroke.
- The prevalence of cardiovascular disease in metropolitan Adelaide (8.4%) is not statistically significantly higher than the Country SA rate of 7.2%, taking into account sampling margin of error.
- No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting living with cardiovascular disease was identified, either for metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA residents.
|Local Health Network||%|
|Northern Adelaide LHN||8.2%|
|Central Adelaide LHN||8.5%|
|Southern Adelaide LHN||8.6%|
|Country SA LHN||7.2%|
4-6-2. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex
- In 2015, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over living with cardiovascular disease - defined here as ever had doctor-diagnosed heart attack, angina, heart disease and/or stroke - was statistically significantly higher for males (9.8%) than females (6.5%).
- The prevalence of cardiovascular disease is also correlated with age.
4-6-3. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status
- In 2015, there was no statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over living with cardiovascular disease - defined here as ever had doctor-diagnosed heart attack, angina, heart disease and/or stroke - and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live.
|Socio-economic status (SES)||%|
4-6-4. Cardiovascular disease prevalence in Australia – by state and territory
- Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people of all ages who have been told by a doctor or nurse that they have a cardiovascular condition. It is not directly comparable with data presented in 4-6-1 to 4-6-3 above from the state-wide survey.
- This measure includes the following current and long-term conditions: oedema; heart failure; diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries; and the following conditions whether or not current and long-term: ischaemic heart diseases (angina, heart attack and other ischaemic heart diseases); cerebrovascular diseases (stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases).
- The national survey estimates that 4.5% of the age-standardised South Australian population self-reported having a cardiovascular disease.
- The South Australian rate is level with the estimated Australia-wide rate (4.7%) and sits in the middle of a similar band of rates reported for most of the states and territories.
|Australian Capital Territory||3.9%|
|New South Wales||4.4%|
4-6-5. Cardiovascular disease prevalence – Aboriginal people
- The prevalence of heart and circulatory problems/diseases in the South Australian Aboriginal population (aged two years and over) was 12.5% in 2012-13, only very slightly below the national average for Aboriginal people of 12.7%.
- Heart and circulatory problems/diseases are defined here as hypertensive disease; ischaemic heart diseases; other heart diseases; tachycardia; cerebrovascular diseases; oedema; diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries; diseases of the veins, lymphatic vessels, other diseases of the circulatory system; and symptoms and signs involving the circulatory system.
- The 12.5% of Aboriginal people in South Australia living with cardiovascular disease is substantially higher than the all-person prevalence for this state (see 4-6-4 above). However, readers should note that figures are not directly comparable as the figures in 4-6-4 are age-standardised.
- Compared to Aboriginal people in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked fourth highest for this indicator.
|Australian Capital Territory||8.8%|
|New South Wales||13.3%|
- Based on Health Information Portal database 2016, 'Management Reporting, Reports, South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System Online, Cardiovascular disease prevalence (Age 18+)', SA Health, Adelaide, accessed 14 December 2016.
- Based on ABS 2015, ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
- Based on ABS 2014, 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons,' Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: Updated results 2012-13, cat. no. 4727.0.55.006, viewed 19 August 2014.