4-5

4-5. Diabetes prevalence

4-5-1. Diabetes prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

4-5-2. Diabetes prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

4-5-3. Diabetes prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

4-5-4. Diabetes prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

4-5-5. Diabetes prevalence – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

4-5-1. Diabetes prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2017, around one in ten (10.1%) South Australians aged 18 years or more had ever been told by a doctor that they had diabetes1.
  • The rate varies between local health networks (LHNs) from 5.4% in the Yorke and Northern LHN to 13.8% in the Flinders and Upper North LHN1.
  • The increasing trend over the last decade in the proportion of people in metropolitan Adelaide reporting living with diabetes is statistically significant, however not so for the Country SA time series1.
  • The metropolitan Adelaide rate (10.3%) is not statistically significantly lower than the Country SA rate (11.1%)1.

 

Diabetes prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2017
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 11.9%
Central Adelaide 10.8%
Southern Adelaide 10.3%
Metropolitan Adelaide 11.0%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 7.3%*
Eyre and Far North 8.3%
Flinders and Upper North 13.8%
Riverland Mallee Coorong 11.1%
South East 7.2%
Yorke & Northern 5.4%
Country SA 8.0%
South Australia 10.1%
Australia n.a.

4-5-1

*Relative Standard Error is between 25% and 50%. Please treat the estimate with caution.

Data source: SA Health 2018

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4-5-2. Diabetes prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2017, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over that had ever been told by a doctor that they have diabetes was higher for males (11.2%) than females (10.0%)1.
  • The prevalence of diabetes is correlated with age1.

 


Diabetes prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2017
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 0.0% 0.0%
25-34 0.3% 5.1%
35-44 5.5% 4.9%
45-54 11.5% 9.4%
55-64 14.5% 10.6%
65-74 19.9% 16.0%
75+ 31.4% 20.8%
All ages 11.2% 9.2%

4-5-2

Data source: SA Health 2018

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4-5-3. Diabetes prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2017, there was a no statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who have ever been told by a doctor that they have diabetes and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live (SES)1.

 

Diabetes prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2017
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 11.6%
Low SES 11.4%
Middle SES 11.5%
High SES 7.0%
Highest SES 9.4%

4-5-3

Data source: SA Health 2018

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4-5-4. Diabetes prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people of all ages who are or had been living with diabetes mellitus and is not directly comparable with data presented from the state-wide survey for ages 18 years and over in 4-5-1 to 4-5-3 above.
  • The national survey estimates that 4.6% of the age-standardised South Australian population self-reports having diabetes (whether or not the disease was current at the time of interview)2.
  • The South Australian rate is level with the estimated Australia-wide rate (4.7%) and there is very little variation between the rates reported for the various states and territories2.

 


Living with diabetes mellitus (all ages), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Tasmania 4.2%
Queensland 4.3%
Australian Capital Territory 4.3%
South Australia 4.6%
Western Australia 4.6%
Victoria 4.7%
New South Wales 4.9%
Northern Territory 5.1%
Australia 4.7%

4-5-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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4-5-5. Diabetes prevalence – Aboriginal people

  • The prevalence of diabetes in the South Australian Aboriginal population was 8.9% in 2012-13, around twice that of the all-population prevalence for this state in 2011-12 (see 4-5-4 above). However, readers should note that figures are not directly comparable because of different time periods and definitions3.
  • Compared to Aboriginal people in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked third highest for this indicator3.
  • However, the South Australian rate was 3.1 percentage points below the highest ranked jurisdiction (Northern Territory)3.

 


Diabetes/high sugar levels prevalence – Aboriginal people (aged 2+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Tasmania 3.8%
Victoria 7.1%
Australian Capital Territory 7.6%
New South Wales 8.1%
Queensland 8.3%
South Australia 8.9%
Western Australia 10.0%
Northern Territory 12.0%
Australia 8.6%

4-5-5

Data source: ABS 2014

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2018, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 16 August 2018.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2014), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory – 2012-13, Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons,' Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: Updated results 2012-13, cat. no. 4727.0.55.006, viewed 18 August 2014.