4-4

4-4. Asthma prevalence

4-4-1. Asthma prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

4-4-2. Asthma prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

4-4-3. Asthma prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

4-4-4. Asthma prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

4-4-5. Asthma prevalence – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

4-4-1. Asthma prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2017, around one in seven (14.5%) South Australians aged 18 years or more were living with asthma1.
  • Asthma is defined here based on the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring: the respondent had been diagnosed with asthma and had experienced symptoms and/or treatment in the last 12-months.
  • The rate varies between the local health networks (LHNs) from 10.9% in the Flinders and Upper North LHN to 21.8% in the Yorke and Northern LHN1.
  • The Country SA rate (15.7%) is statistically significantly higher than the metropolitan Adelaide rate of 13.9%1.
  • No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting living with asthma was identified, either for the metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA time series1.

 

Asthma prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2017
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 16.9%
Central Adelaide 11.4%
Southern Adelaide 14.5%
Metropolitan Adelaide 13.9%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 14.7%
Eyre and Far North 20.1%
Flinders and Upper North 10.9%
Riverland Mallee Coorong 11.6%
South East 15.9%
Yorke & Northern 21.8%
Country SA LHN 15.7%
South Australia 14.5%
Australia n.a.

4-4-1

Data source: SA Health 2018

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4-4-2. Asthma prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2017, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over that was living with asthma was higher for females (17.5%) than males (11.5%)1.
  • Asthma is defined here based on the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring: the respondent had been diagnosed with asthma and had experienced symptoms and/or treatment in the last 12-months.

 


Asthma prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2017
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 14.2% 21.5%
25-34 7.0% 24.1%
35-44 12.9% 16.9%
45-54 9.8% 12.5%
55-64 12.4% 18.3%
65-74 9.1% 20.6%
75+ 12.8% 12.3%
All ages 11.5% 17.5%

4-4-2

Data source: SA Health 2018

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4-4-3. Asthma prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2017, there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who are living with asthma and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • Asthma is defined here based on the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring: the respondent had been diagnosed with asthma and had experienced symptoms and/or treatment in the last 12-months.

 

Asthma prevalence (aged 18+ years), 2017
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 19.1%
Low SES 17.5%
Middle SES 13.8%
High SES 13.0%
Highest SES 10.6%

4-4-3

Data source: SA Health 2018

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4-4-4. Asthma prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people of all ages and is not directly comparable with data presented from the state-wide survey for ages 18 years and over in 4-4-1 to 4-4-3 above.
  • The national survey reports figures that broadly corroborate the state-wide survey a little over one in ten (10.6%) of the age-standardised population in South Australia estimated to be living with asthma2.
  • The South Australian rate is level with the estimated Australia-wide rate (10.8%) and there is little variation identifiable between the rates reported for the various states and territories2.

 


Living with asthma (all ages), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 8.7%
Western Australia 9.6%
New South Wales 10.3%
Queensland 10.5%
South Australia 10.6%
Australian Capital Territory 11.8%
Victoria 11.9%
Tasmania 12.8%
Australia 10.8%

4-4-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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4-4-5. Asthma prevalence – Aboriginal people

  • The 19.7% of Aboriginal people in South Australia who reported living with asthma was slightly above the national average for Aboriginal people of 17.5%3.
  • Compared to Aboriginal people in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked fourth highest for this indicator3.
  • However, the South Australian rate was 11.9 percentage points above the lowest ranked jurisdiction (Northern Territory)3.
  • The rate for Aboriginal people in South Australia during 2012-13 (19.7%) is around double the 10.8% for all persons in SA recorded in 2011-12 (see 4-4-4 above)3.

 


Asthma prevalence - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 7.8%
Queensland 14.3%
Western Australia 14.7%
Tasmania 18.8%
South Australia 19.7%
Victoria 21.5%
New South Wales 23.1%
Australian Capital Territory 23.4%
Australia 17.5%

4-4-5

Data source: ABS 2013

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2018, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 16 August 2018.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2013), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics by State/Territory,' Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: First results 2012-13, cat. no. 4727.0.55.001, viewed 4 February 2014.