4-3

4-3. Mental health conditions

4-3-1. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by Local Health Network

4-3-2. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by age and sex

4-3-3. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by socio-economic status

4-3-4. Mental health conditions in Australia – by state and territory

4-3-5. Mental health conditions – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

4-3-1. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2018, more than a quarter (29.4%) South Australians aged 18 years or more reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition1.
  • A mental health condition is defined here as doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression, stress, or any other mental health problem.
  • The rate varies between the local health networks (LHNs) from 21.4% in the Yorke and Northern LHN to 34.9% in the Southern Adelaide LHN1.
  • The metropolitan Adelaide rate (31.0%) is statistically significantly higher than the Country SA rate of 25.8%1.
  • No time series is available for this indicator due to a change in survey methods. In 2018, SA Health discontinued the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS) and moved to the improved South Australian Population Health Survey (SAPHS). Results between the collections are not comparable.

 

Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition (aged 18+ years), 2018
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 32.5%
Central Adelaide 26.5%
Southern Adelaide 34.9%
Metropolitan Adelaide 31.0%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 25.8%
Eyre and Far North 26.3%
Flinders and Upper North 29.8%
Limestone Coast 25.9%
Riverland Mallee Coorong 29.0%
Yorke & Northern 21.4%
Country SA 25.8%
South Australia 30.0%
Australia n.a.

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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4-3-2. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2018, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over that reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition was statistically higher for females (36.4%) than males (22.3%)1.
  • A mental health condition is defined here as doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression, stress, or any other mental health problem.

 


Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition (aged 18+ years), 2018
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 4.6%* 36.9%
25-34 27.2% 50.2%
35-44 33.2% 43.7%
45-54 25.7% 37.8%
55-64 23.3% 31.6%
65-74 15.3% 27.2%
75+ 11.1% 16.6%
All ages 22.3% 36.4%

4-3-2

* Relative standard error between 25% and 50%. Please treat estimate with caution.

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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4-3-3. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2018, there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years reporting living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition and the socio-economic status of the geographic area in which they live1.
  • A mental health condition is defined here as doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression, stress, or any other mental health problem.

 

Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition (aged 18+ years), 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 35.4%
Low SES 30.9%
Middle SES 33.0%
High SES 26.8%
Highest SES 23.0%

4-3-3

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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4-3-4. Mental health conditions in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2017-18 National Health Survey for people of all ages and is not directly comparable with data presented from the state-wide survey for ages 18 years and over in 4-3-1 to 4-3-3 above.
  • The national survey reports figures that broadly corroborate the statewide figures, showing that roughly one in five (19.7%, age standardised) of the population in South Australia is living with a mental or behavioural problem that has lasted, or which the survey respondent expects to last, for six months or more2.
  • Mental or behavioural conditions include alcohol and drug problems; mood (affective) disorders; anxiety related disorders; organic mental disorders; and other mental and behavioural conditions.
  • The South Australian rate is similar to the Australian average of 20.0% (age standardised)2.

 

Living with a mental or behavioural problem (all ages), 2017–18 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 16.0%
Western Australia 17.8%
New South Wales 19.0%
South Australia 19.7%
Victoria 20.0%
Australian Capital Territory 21.1%
Tasmania 21.8%
Queensland 22.8%
Australia 20.0%

4-3-4

Data source: ABS 2018

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4-3-5. Mental health conditions – Aboriginal people

  • Almost a third (29.5%) of Aboriginal people (aged two years and over) in South Australia are living with a mental or behavioural problem that has lasted, or which the survey respondent expects to last, for six months or more, above the national average for Aboriginal people of 24.2%3.
  • Mental or behavioural conditions include alcohol and drug problems; mood (affective) disorders; anxiety related disorders; organic mental disorders; and other mental and behavioural conditions.
  • This rate is 9.8 percentage points higher than the 19.7% (age standardised) all-population (all ages) rate recorded in 2017-18 (see 4-3-4 above)2.

 

Living with a mental or behavioural problem - Aboriginal people (aged 2+ years), 2018–19 (crude rates)
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 10.3%
Western Australia 19.3%
Queensland 20.0%
New South Wales 28.6%
South Australia 29.5%
Victoria 32.6%
Tasmania 33.8%
Australian Capital Territory 39.7%
Australia 24.2%

4-3-5

Data source: ABS 2019


Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Population Health Survey customised extract 2020, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 3 February 2020.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2018), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, 12 December 2018.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2019), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2018–19, Proportion of persons,' National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19, cat. no. 4715.0, 11 December 2019.