4-3

4-3. Mental health conditions

4-3-1. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by Local Health Network

4-3-2. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by age and sex

4-3-3. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by socio-economic status

4-3-4. Mental health conditions in Australia – by state and territory

4-3-5. Mental health conditions – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

4-3-1. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2015, around one in five (20.9%) South Australians aged 18 years or more reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition.
  • The rate varies substantially between the three metropolitan Adelaide Local Health Networks (LHNs), from 16.9% in the Central Adelaide LHN up to more than one in four (26.7%) in the Northern Adelaide LHN.
  • The overall metropolitan Adelaide rate (21.2%) is not statistically significantly higher than the Country SA rate of 20.2%.
  • A statistically significant increasing trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting living with a mental health condition was identified in both the metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA series.

 

Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition (aged 18+ years), 2015
Local Health Network%
Northern Adelaide LHN26.7%
Central Adelaide LHN16.9%
Southern Adelaide LHN21.2%
Metropolitan Adelaide21.2%
Country SA LHN20.2%
South Australia20.9%
Australian.a.

4-3-1

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4-3-2. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2015, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over that reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition was statistically significantly higher for females (24.6%) than males (16.8%).
  • Prevalence of reported mental health conditions varied with age.

 


Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition (aged 18+ years), 2015
Age (years)MalesFemales
18-2413.1%26.5%
25-3422.0%23.0%
35-4418.5%26.6%
45-5421.4%28.1%
55-6415.4%27.4%
65-7414.4%23.4%
75+6.7%12.5%
All ages16.8%24.6%

4-3-2

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4-3-3. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2015, there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years reporting living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition and the socio-economic status of the geographic area in which they live.

 

Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition (aged 18+ years), 2015
Socio-economic status (SES)%
Lowest SES22.6%
Low SES22.3%
Middle SES20.6%
High SES19.6%
Highest SES19.7%

4-3-3

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4-3-4. Mental health conditions in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people of all ages and is not directly comparable with data presented from the state-wide survey for ages 18 years and over in 4-3-1 to 4-3-3 above.
  • The national survey reports figures that broadly corroborate the statewide figures, showing that an estimated 18.1% of the age-standardised population in South Australia are living with a mental or behavioural problem that has lasted or which the survey respondent expects to last for six months or more.
  • The South Australian rate is similar to the Australia-wide rate of 17.4%. There is also not a great deal of variation in rates between the states and territories.

 


Living with a mental or behavioural problem (all ages), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory%
Western Australia14.5%
Northern Territory15.3%
Victoria17.3%
New South Wales17.7%
Queensland18.0%
South Australia18.1%
Australian Capital Territory18.2%
Tasmania21.0%
Australia17.4%

4-3-4

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4-3-5. Mental health conditions – Aboriginal people

  • In 2012, around one in ten (10.3%) Aboriginal people in South Australia reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health problem.
  • The rate was statistically significantly higher in metropolitan Adelaide (15.5%) than in Country SA (4.5%).
  • The prevalence of mental health conditions in South Australia's Aboriginal population (10.3%) is around a third lower than the state all-person rate (see 4-3-4 above).

 


Living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2012
Region%
Metropolitan Adelaide15.5%
Rural SA4.4%
Remote SA*4.5%
Country SA4.5%
South Australia10.3%
Australian.a.

4-3-5

* Survey did not include APY Lands


Sources

  1. Based on Health Information Portal database 2016, 'Management Reporting, Reports, South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System Online, Mental Health-Doctor diagnosed (Age 18+)', SA Health, Adelaide, accessed 14 December 2016.
  2. Based on ABS 2015, ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Taylor, A, Marin, T, Avery, J & Dal Grande, E 2012, 'Appendix A: Table A5.4 Mental Health', South Australian Aboriginal health survey, Population research and outcome studies, University of Adelaide, Adelaide.