4-3. Mental health conditions
4-3-1. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by Local Health Network
- In 2015, around one in five (20.9%) South Australians aged 18 years or more reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition.
- The rate varies substantially between the three metropolitan Adelaide Local Health Networks (LHNs), from 16.9% in the Central Adelaide LHN up to more than one in four (26.7%) in the Northern Adelaide LHN.
- The overall metropolitan Adelaide rate (21.2%) is not statistically significantly higher than the Country SA rate of 20.2%.
- A statistically significant increasing trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting living with a mental health condition was identified in both the metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA series.
|Local Health Network||%|
|Northern Adelaide LHN||26.7%|
|Central Adelaide LHN||16.9%|
|Southern Adelaide LHN||21.2%|
|Country SA LHN||20.2%|
4-3-2. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by age and sex
- In 2015, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over that reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition was statistically significantly higher for females (24.6%) than males (16.8%).
- Prevalence of reported mental health conditions varied with age.
4-3-3. Mental health conditions in South Australia – by socio-economic status
- In 2015, there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years reporting living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health condition and the socio-economic status of the geographic area in which they live.
|Socio-economic status (SES)||%|
4-3-4. Mental health conditions in Australia – by state and territory
- Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people of all ages and is not directly comparable with data presented from the state-wide survey for ages 18 years and over in 4-3-1 to 4-3-3 above.
- The national survey reports figures that broadly corroborate the statewide figures, showing that an estimated 18.1% of the age-standardised population in South Australia are living with a mental or behavioural problem that has lasted or which the survey respondent expects to last for six months or more.
- The South Australian rate is similar to the Australia-wide rate of 17.4%. There is also not a great deal of variation in rates between the states and territories.
|New South Wales||17.7%|
|Australian Capital Territory||18.2%|
4-3-5. Mental health conditions – Aboriginal people
- In 2012, around one in ten (10.3%) Aboriginal people in South Australia reported living with a doctor-diagnosed mental health problem.
- The rate was statistically significantly higher in metropolitan Adelaide (15.5%) than in Country SA (4.5%).
- The prevalence of mental health conditions in South Australia's Aboriginal population (10.3%) is around a third lower than the state all-person rate (see 4-3-4 above).
* Survey did not include APY Lands
- Based on Health Information Portal database 2016, 'Management Reporting, Reports, South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System Online, Mental Health-Doctor diagnosed (Age 18+)', SA Health, Adelaide, accessed 14 December 2016.
- Based on ABS 2015, ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
- Based on Taylor, A, Marin, T, Avery, J & Dal Grande, E 2012, 'Appendix A: Table A5.4 Mental Health', South Australian Aboriginal health survey, Population research and outcome studies, University of Adelaide, Adelaide.