3-4

3-4. Nutrition – Vegetable intake

3-4-1. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-4-2. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by age and sex

3-4-3. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-4-4. Vegetable intake in Australia – by state and territory

3-4-5. Vegetable intake – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

Important notes on the data: 'Recommended' serves of vegetables per day under Australian Dietry Guidelines...

Due to changes in the Australian Dietary Guidelines 2013, five serves of vegetables per day is no longer the 'recommended' amount for all adults at all life stages. Depending on age and gender this can increase up to six serves for males aged 19 to 50 years and 7.5 serves for breatfeeding mothers.  State of Our Health is reporting overall percentage of the South Australian population aged 18 years and over who eat five serves of vegetables per day for consistency with previous reports and other data sources such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

 

3-4-1. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, around one in ten (10.6%) South Australians aged 18 years or more reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day1.
  • The rate for people that live in metropolitan Adelaide (11.1%) is not statistically significantly higher compared to Country SA residents (9.6%)1.
  • No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting eating five or more serves of vegetables per day was identified, either for metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA residents1.

 

Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2016
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide LHN 9.8%
Central Adelaide LHN 10.9%
Southern Adelaide LHN 12.4%
Metropolitan Adelaide 11.1%
Country SA LHN 9.6%
South Australia 10.6%
Australia n.a.

3-4-1

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-4-2. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of females in South Australia aged 18 years or more who reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day (12.5%) was higher than that of their male counterparts (8.6%)1.
  • The proportion also varies with age1.

 


Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2016
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 6.9% 3.8%
25-34 3.6% 11.9%
35-44 11.9% 10.9%
45-54 6.2% 17.9%
55-64 8.0% 14.2%
65-74 12.8% 16.6%
75+ 11.7% 12.1%
All ages 8.6% 12.5%

3-4-2

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-4-3. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is a statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • The proportion recorded in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (12.7%) is five percentage points higher than that of the lowest SES quintile (7.7%)1.

 

Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 7.7%
Low SES 9.9%
Middle SES 11.7%
High SES 11.2%
Highest SES 12.7%

3-4-3

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-4-4. Vegetable intake in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over and is not directly comparable to the 2016 information presented in 3-4-1 to 3-4-3 above which is sourced via the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System survey.
  • However, the national survey broadly corroborates the state-specific survey, with an estimated one in 14 (7.3%) of South Australian adults self-reporting eating five or more serves of vegetables per day, a little lower than the 10.0% reported in the previous survey (for 2011-12)2.
  • The South Australian rate is almost the same as the national rate of 7.0%. Most of the states and territories sit within a similar range, but Tasmanians do have a notably higher fraction of the population (11.6%)2.

 


Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2014–15
State/Territory %
Australian Capital Territory 5.0%
New South Wales 6.1%
Victoria 6.5%
Northern Territory 7.3%
South Australia 7.3%
Queensland 8.0%
Western Australia 8.5%
Tasmania 11.6%
Australia 7.0%

3-4-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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3-4-5. Vegetable intake – Aboriginal people

  • In 2012-13, just 4.1% of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day3.
  • This is less than half of the 10.0% rate recorded for all South Australians aged 15 years or more in the ABS 2011-12 Australian Health Survey (see 3-4-4 above)3.
  • South Australia's proportion of Aboriginal people who eat five or more serves of vegetables per day is also below the national average for Aboriginal people (4.8%)3.

 


Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 2.9%
Australian Capital Territory 4.1%
South Australia 4.1%
Queensland 4.4%
Western Australia 4.9%
Victoria 5.3%
New South Wales 5.6%
Tasmania 6.6%
Australia 4.8%

3-4-5

Data source: ABS 2014

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2017, Population Health Surveys, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 12.1 Daily intake of fruit and vegetables, Persons (estimate)’ and in Tables 20-27 for each jurisdiction, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 3 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2014), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons', Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: Updated Results, 2012-13, cat no 4727.0.55.006, viewed 18 August 2014.