3-4

3-4. Nutrition – Vegetable intake

3-4-1. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-4-2. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by age and sex

3-4-3. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-4-4. Vegetable intake in Australia – by state and territory

3-4-5. Vegetable intake – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-4-1. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2018, around one in twelve (7.9%) South Australians aged 18 years or more reported eating the recommended number of serves of vegetables per day1.
  • For most people, it is recommended to eat five serves of vegetables per day, but the amount can vary depending on personal circumstances. For more information, see the Australian Government's Eat for Health website. 
  • The rate varies between local health networks (LHNs) from 2.3%** in the Flinders and Upper North LHN up to 9.9% in the Yorke and Northern LHN.
  • The rate for people that live in metropolitan Adelaide (7.9%) is not statistically significantly lower compared to Country SA residents (8.0%)1.
  • No time series is available for this indicator due to a change in survey methods. In 2018, SA Health discontinued the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS) and moved to the improved South Australian Population Health Survey (SAPHS). Results between the collections are not comparable.

 

Eats the recommended number of serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2018
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 6.4%
Central Adelaide 9.8%
Southern Adelaide 7.3%
Metropolitan Adelaide 7.9%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 8.9%
Eyre and Far North 9.7%*
Flinders and Upper North 2.3%**
Limestone Coast 7.0%
Riverland Mallee Coorong 6.5%*
Yorke & Northern 9.9%
Country SA LHN 8.0%
South Australia 8.1%
Australia n.a.

* Relative Standard Error is between 25% and 50%. Please treat the estimate with caution.

** Relative Standard Error is greater than 50%. Please treat the estimate with extreme caution.

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

 

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3-4-2. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2018, the proportion of females in South Australia aged 18 years or more who reported eating the recommended serves of vegetables per day (10.0%) was statistically significantly higher than that of their male counterparts (5.8%)1.
  • For most people, it is recommended to eat five serves of vegetables per day, but the amount can vary depending on personal circumstances. For more information, see the Australian Government's Eat for Health website. 
  • The proportion also varies with age1.

 


Eats the recommended number of serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2018
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 20.7% 3.5%*
25-34 2.3%* 5.4%
35-44 5.6% 7.5%
45-54 3.4%* 11.5%
55-64 6.3% 12.6%
65-74 4.3%* 15.2%
75+ 7.4% 13.1%
All ages 5.8% 10.0%

3-4-2

* Relative Standard Error is between 25% and 50%. Please treat the estimate with caution.

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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3-4-3. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2018, there was a statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who reported eating the recommended number of serves of vegetables per day and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • For most people, it is recommended to eat five serves of vegetables per day, but the amount can vary depending on personal circumstances. For more information, see the Australian Government's Eat for Health website. 
  • The proportion recorded in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (11.9%) is 2.5 times higher than that of the lowest SES quintile (4.7%)1.

 

Eats the recommended number of serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 4.7%
Low SES 8.0%
Middle SES 6.1%
High SES 10.2%
Highest SES 11.9%

3-4-3

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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3-4-4. Vegetable intake in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2017-18 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over and is not directly comparable to the information presented in 3-4-1 to 3-4-3 above which is sourced via the South Australian Population Health Survey.
  • The national survey finds 6.4% (age standardised) South Australian adults (ages 18 years and over) consume an adequate amount of vegetables per day to ensure good nutrition (NHMRC 2013 guidelines)2.
  • The South Australian rate is below the national rate of 7.4% (age standardised) and ranks lowest of the states and territories2.

 

Adequate daily vegetable consumption to ensure good nutrition (aged 18+ years), 2017–18 (age standardised)
State/Territory %
South Australia 6.4%
Australian Capital Territory 6.5%
New South Wales 6.8%
Queensland 7.0%
Victoria 7.8%
Western Australia 8.8%
Northern Territory 10.2%
Tasmania 10.9%
Australia 7.4%

3-4-4

Data source: ABS 2018

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3-4-5. Vegetable intake – Aboriginal people

  • In 2018-19, 3.9% of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over reported consuming an adequate amount of vegetables per day to ensure good nutrition (NHMRC 2013 guidelines)3.
  • This is below the 6.4% recorded for all South Australians aged 15 years or more in the ABS 2017-18 National Health Survey (see 3-4-4 above)2.
  • South Australia's proportion of Aboriginal people who consume an adequate daily amount of vegetables to ensure good nutrition is also below the national average for Aboriginal people (4.2%)3.

 

Adequate daily vegetable consumption to ensure good nutrition - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2018-19 (crude rates)
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 2.5%
Victoria 2.6%
Western Australia 3.0%
Queensland 3.3%
South Australia 3.9%
New South Wales 4.7%
Australian Capital Territory 5.8%
Tasmania 14.0%
Australia 4.2%

3-4-5

Data source: ABS 2019

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Population Health Survey customised extract 2020, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 3 February 2020.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2018), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, 12 December 2018.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2019), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2018–19, Proportion of persons,' National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19, cat. no. 4715.0, 11 December 2019.