3-4

3-4. Nutrition – Vegetable intake

3-4-1. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-4-2. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by age and sex

3-4-3. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-4-4. Vegetable intake in Australia – by state and territory

3-4-5. Vegetable intake – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

Important notes on the data: 'Recommended' serves of vegetables per day under Australian Dietary Guidelines...

Due to changes in the Australian Dietary Guidelines 2013, five serves of vegetables per day is no longer the 'recommended' amount for all adults at all life stages. Depending on age and gender this can increase up to six serves for males aged 19 to 50 years and 7.5 serves for breastfeeding mothers.  State of Our Health is reporting overall percentage of the South Australian population aged 18 years and over who eat five serves of vegetables per day for consistency with previous reports and other data sources such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

 

3-4-1. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2017, around one in ten (9.9%) South Australians aged 18 years or more reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day1.
  • The rate varies between local health networks (LHNs) from 5.6% in the Yorke and Northern LHN up to 14.0% in the Barossa Hills Fleurieu LHN.
  • The rate for people that live in metropolitan Adelaide (9.4%) is statistically significantly lower compared to Country SA residents (11.0%)1.
  • No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting eating five or more serves of vegetables per day was identified, either for metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA residents.1

 

Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2017
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 10.4%
Central Adelaide 9.9%
Southern Adelaide 7.9%
Metropolitan Adelaide 9.4%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 14.0%
Eyre and Far North 7.9%*
Flinders and Upper North 10.2%*
Riverland Mallee Coorong 13.7%
South East 8.6%
Yorke & Northern 5.6%
Country SA LHN 11.0%
South Australia 9.9%
Australia n.a.

3-4-1

* Relative Standard Error is between 25% and 50%. Please treat the estimate with caution.

Data source: SA Health 2018

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3-4-2. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2017, the proportion of females in South Australia aged 18 years or more who reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day (11.9%) was higher than that of their male counterparts (7.9%)1.
  • The proportion also varies with age1.

 


Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2017
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 5.6% 10.9%
25-34 2.7% 11.6%
35-44 11.3% 12.8%
45-54 8.4% 11.2%
55-64 8.4% 11.8%
65-74 8.0% 15.9%
75+ 8.8% 8.2%
All ages 7.9% 11.9%

3-4-2

Data source: SA Health 2018

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3-4-3. Vegetable intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is no statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • The proportion recorded in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (10.3%) is around one percentage points higher than that of the lowest SES quintile (9.1%)1.

 

Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day (aged 18+ years), 2017
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 9.1%
Low SES 7.9%
Middle SES 10.4%
High SES 11.9%
Highest SES 10.3%

3-4-3

Data source: SA Health 2018

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3-4-4. Vegetable intake in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2017-18 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over and is not directly comparable to the information presented in 3-4-1 to 3-4-3 above which is sourced via the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System survey.
  • The national survey finds 6.4% (age standardised) South Australian adults (ages 18 years and over) consume an adequate amount of vegetables per day to ensure good nutrition2.
  • The South Australian rate is below the national rate of 7.4% (age standardised) and ranks lowest of the states and territories2.

 

Adequate daily vegetable consumption to ensure good nutrition (aged 18+ years), 2017–18 (age standardised)
State/Territory %
South Australia 6.4%
Australian Capital Territory 6.5%
New South Wales 6.8%
Queensland 7.0%
Victoria 7.8%
Western Australia 8.8%
Northern Territory 10.2%
Tasmania 10.9%
Australia 7.4%

3-4-4

Data source: ABS 2018

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3-4-5. Vegetable intake – Aboriginal people

  • In 2012-13, just 4.1% of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over reported eating five or more serves of vegetables per day3.
  • This is less than half of the 10.0% rate recorded for all South Australians aged 15 years or more in the ABS 2011-12 Australian Health Survey (see 3-4-4 above)3.
  • South Australia's proportion of Aboriginal people who eat five or more serves of vegetables per day is also below the national average for Aboriginal people (4.8%)3.

 

Eat five or more serves of vegetables per day - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 2.9%
Australian Capital Territory 4.1%
South Australia 4.1%
Queensland 4.4%
Western Australia 4.9%
Victoria 5.3%
New South Wales 5.6%
Tasmania 6.6%
Australia 4.8%

3-4-5

Data source: ABS 2014

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2018, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 16 August 2018.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2018), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, 12 December 2018.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2014), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons', Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: Updated Results, 2012-13, cat no 4727.0.55.006, viewed 18 August 2014.