3-3

3-3. Nutrition – Fruit intake

3-3-1. Fruit intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-3-2. Fuit intake in South Australia – by age and sex

3-3-3. Fruit intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-3-4. Fruit intake in Australia – by state and territory

3-3-5. Fruit intake – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-3-1. Fruit intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, under half (42.4%) of South Australians aged 18 years or more reported eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day1.
  • The rate varies between the three metropolitan Adelaide Local Health Networks (LHNs) from 48.9% in the Central Adelaide LHN to 40.1% in the Northern Adelaide LHN1.
  • There is a statistically significant difference between the rate reported by people that live in metropolitan Adelaide (44.3%) compared to Country SA residents (37.8%)1.
  • No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day was identified, either for metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA residents1.

 

Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2016
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide LHN 40.1%
Central Adelaide LHN 48.9%
Southern Adelaide LHN 43.4%
Metropolitan Adelaide 44.3%
Country SA LHN 37.8%
South Australia 42.4%
Australia n.a.

3-3-1

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-3-2. Fruit intake in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of females in South Australia aged 18 years or more who reported eating two or more serves of fruit per day (45.5%) was 6.5 percentage points higher than their male counterparts (39.0%)1.
  • The proportion also varies with age1.

 


Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2016
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 36.9% 39.0%
25-34 41.3% 48.0%
35-44 32.8% 48.8%
45-54 37.1% 40.2%
55-64 43.0% 42.6%
65-74 39.6% 48.9%
75+ 45.3% 54.4%
All ages 39.0% 45.5%

3-3-2

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-3-3. Fruit intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is no statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who report eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • However, the proportion of the adult population recorded in areas of South Australia in the highest 20% of socio-economic advantage (48.1%) is around seven percentage points above the other four quintiles1.

 

Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 40.8%
Low SES 38.7%
Middle SES 42.5%
High SES 41.8%
Highest SES 48.1%

3-3-3

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-3-4. Fruit intake in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey and is not directly comparable to the 2016 information presented in 3-3-1 to 3-3-3 above which is sourced via the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System survey.
  • However, the national survey corroborates the state-specific survey with around half (48.7%) of South Australian adults reporting eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day, a little higher than the 46.1% reported in the previous survey (2011-12)2.
  • The South Australian rate is almost the same as the national rate of 49.8%. There was a little variation between the states and territories, and South Australia sits in the middle in comparison with the other jurisdictions2.

 


Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2014–15
State/Territory %
Tasmania 47.1%
Northern Territory 47.4%
Victoria 48.0%
South Australia 48.7%
New South Wales 49.2%
Australian Capital Territory 49.7%
Queensland 51.2%
Western Australia 54.2%
Australia 49.8%

3-3-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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3-3-5. Fruit intake – Aboriginal people

  • In 2012-13, 37.8% of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over reported eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day3.
  • This is 8.3 percentage points below the 46.1% recorded for all South Australians aged 15 years or more in the ABS 2011-12 Australian Health Survey (see 3-3-4 above)3.
  • South Australia's proportion of Aboriginal people who eat the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day is also below the national average for Aboriginal people (42.0%)3.

 


Eat two or more serves of fruit per day - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Australian Capital Territory 31.5%
Tasmania 36.3%
South Australia 37.8%
Victoria 38.0%
Western Australia 39.2%
Queensland 42.3%
New South Wales 42.5%
Northern Territory 51.0%
Australia 42.0%

3-3-5

Data source: ABS 2014

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2017, Population Health Surveys, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 12.1 Daily intake of fruit and vegetables, Persons (estimate)’ and in Tables 20-27 for each jurisdiction, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 3 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2014), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons', Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: Updated Results, 2012-13, cat no 4727.0.55.006, viewed 18 August 2014.