3-3

3-3. Nutrition – Fruit intake

3-3-1. Fruit intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-3-2. Fuit intake in South Australia – by age and sex

3-3-3. Fruit intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-3-4. Fruit intake in Australia – by state and territory

3-3-5. Fruit intake – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-3-1. Fruit intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2018, under half (42.7%) of South Australians aged 18 years or more reported eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day1.
  • The rate varies between the local health networks (LHNs) from 33.4% in the Flinders and Upper North LHN up to 47.5% in the Barossa Hills Fleurieu LHN1.
  • There is no statistically significant difference between the rate reported by people that live in metropolitan Adelaide (43.1%) compared to Country SA residents (41.8%)1.
  • No time series is available for this indicator due to a change in survey methods. In 2018, SA Health discontinued the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS) and moved to the improved South Australian Population Health Survey (SAPHS). Results between the collections are not comparable.

 

Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2018
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 40.6%
Central Adelaide 45.1%
Southern Adelaide 43.3%
Metropolitan Adelaide 43.1%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 47.5%
Eyre and Far North 42.1%
Flinders and Upper North 33.4%
Limestone Coast 43.5%
Riverland Mallee Coorong 33.6%
Yorke & Northern 39.2%
Country SA LHN 41.8%
South Australia 43.0%
Australia n.a.

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

 

3-3-2. Fruit intake in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2018, the proportion of females in South Australia aged 18 years or more who reported eating two or more serves of fruit per day (45.6%) was statistically significantly higher than their male counterparts (39.9%)1.
  • The proportion also varies with age1.

 


Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2018
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 45.8% 31.2%
25-34 34.4% 41.3%
35-44 36.8% 35.4%
45-54 32.5% 44.0%
55-64 40.4% 49.0%
65-74 48.2% 53.8%
75+ 47.4% 66.3%
All ages 39.9% 45.6%

3-3-2

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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3-3-3. Fruit intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2018, there was no statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who report eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.

 

Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 41.4%
Low SES 43.2%
Middle SES 36.0%
High SES 46.4%
Highest SES 48.1%

3-3-3

Note: Data are weighted which can result in rounding discrepancies.

Data source: SA Health 2020

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3-3-4. Fruit intake in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2017-18 National Health Survey and is not directly comparable to the information presented in 3-3-1 to 3-3-3 above which is sourced via the South Australian Population Health Survey.
  • The national survey finds less than half (47.5%, age standardised) of South Australian adults (ages 18 years or over) are consuming an adequate daily amount of fruit to ensure good nutrition (NHMRC 2013 guidelines)2.
  • The South Australian rate is below the national average of 50.7% (age standardised). South Australia ranks second lowest of the states and territories, although there is little variation between the jurisdictions2.

 

Adequate daily fruit consumption to ensure good nutrition (aged 18+ years), 2017–18 (age standardised)
State/Territory %
Tasmania 45.7%
South Australia 47.5%
Australian Capital Territory 48.1%
Northern Territory 49.0%
Western Australia 50.5%
Queensland 50.6%
Victoria 51.1%
New South Wales 51.7%
Australia 50.7%

3-3-4

Data source: ABS 2018

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3-3-5. Fruit intake – Aboriginal people

  • In 2017-18, 31.6% of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over reported consuming an adequate daily amount of fruit to ensure good nutrition (NHMRC 2013 guidelines)3.
  • This is 15.9 percentage points below the 47.5% recorded for all South Australians aged 15 years or more in the ABS 2017-18 National Health Survey (see 3-3-4 above)2.
  • South Australia's proportion of Aboriginal people who consume an adequate daily amount of fruit is also below the national average for Aboriginal people (39.4%)3.

 

Adequate daily fruit consumption to ensure good nutrition - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2018-19 (crude rates)
State/Territory %
Tasmania 31.5%
South Australia 31.6%
Victoria 32.5%
Western Australia 38.3%
Queensland 39.6%
Northern Territory 40.4%
New South Wales 43.0%
Australian Capital Territory 44.2%*
Australia 39.4%

3-3-5

* Estimate has a high margin of error and should be used with caution

Data source: ABS 2019

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Population Health Survey customised extract 2020, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 3 February 2020.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2018), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, 12 December 2018.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2019), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2018–19, Proportion of persons,' National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19, cat. no. 4715.0, 11 December 2019.