3-3

3-3. Nutrition – Fruit intake

3-3-1. Fruit intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-3-2. Fuit intake in South Australia – by age and sex

3-3-3. Fruit intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-3-4. Fruit intake in Australia – by state and territory

3-3-5. Fruit intake – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-3-1. Fruit intake in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2017, under half (42.1%) of South Australians aged 18 years or more reported eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day1.
  • The rate varies between the local health networks (LHNs) from 25.3% in the South East LHN up to 48.0% in the Northern Adelaide LHN1.
  • There is a statistically significant difference between the rate reported by people that live in metropolitan Adelaide (44.9%) compared to Country SA residents (35.8%)1.
  • No statistically significant underlying trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day was identified, either for metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA residents1.

 

Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2017
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 48.0%
Central Adelaide 43.9%
Southern Adelaide 43.5%
Metropolitan Adelaide 44.9%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 38.5%
Eyre and Far North 34.5%
Flinders and Upper North 34.3%
Riverland Mallee Coorong 45.6%
South East 25.3%
Yorke & Northern 31.6%
Country SA LHN 35.8%
South Australia 42.1%
Australia n.a.

3-3-1

Data source: SA Health 2018

_

3-3-2. Fruit intake in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2017, the proportion of females in South Australia aged 18 years or more who reported eating two or more serves of fruit per day (45.6%) was 7.1 percentage points higher than their male counterparts (38.5%)1.
  • The proportion also varies with age1.

 


Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2017
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 40.1% 49.2%
25-34 28.3% 38.6%
35-44 37.3% 44.1%
45-54 39.0% 42.3%
55-64 41.3% 45.4%
65-74 37.4% 48.3%
75+ 44.8% 51.7%
All ages 38.5% 45.6%

3-3-2

Data source: SA Health 2018

_

3-3-3. Fruit intake in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is statistically significant correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who report eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.

 

Eat two or more serves of fruit per day (aged 18+ years), 2017
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 34.9%
Low SES 36.1%
Middle SES 43.6%
High SES 46.9%
Highest SES 47.6%

3-3-3

Data source: SA Health 2018

_

3-3-4. Fruit intake in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2017-18 National Health Survey and is not directly comparable to the information presented in 3-3-1 to 3-3-3 above which is sourced via the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System survey.
  • The national survey finds less than half (47.5%, age standardised) of South Australian adults (ages 18 years or over) are consuming an adequate daily amount of fruit to ensure good nutrition (NHMRC 2013 guidelines)2.
  • The South Australian rate is below the national average of 50.7% (age standardised). South Australia ranks second lowest of the states and territories, although there is little variation between the jurisdictions2.

 

Adequate daily fruit consumption to ensure good nutrition (aged 18+ years), 2017–18 (age standardised)
State/Territory %
Tasmania 45.7%
South Australia 47.5%
Australian Capital Territory 48.1%
Northern Territory 49.0%
Western Australia 50.5%
Queensland 50.6%
Victoria 51.1%
New South Wales 51.7%
Australia 50.7%

3-3-4

Data source: ABS 2018

_

3-3-5. Fruit intake – Aboriginal people

  • In 2017-18, 31.6% of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over reported consuming an adequate daily amount of fruit to ensure good nutrition (NHMRC 2013 guidelines)3.
  • This is 15.9 percentage points below the 47.5% recorded for all South Australians aged 15 years or more in the ABS 2017-18 National Health Survey (see 3-3-4 above)2.
  • South Australia's proportion of Aboriginal people who consume an adequate daily amount of fruit is also below the national average for Aboriginal people (39.4%)3.

 

Adequate daily fruit consumption to ensure good nutrition - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2018-19 (crude rates)
State/Territory %
Tasmania 31.5%
South Australia 31.6%
Victoria 32.5%
Western Australia 38.3%
Queensland 39.6%
Northern Territory 40.4%
New South Wales 43.0%
Australian Capital Territory 44.2%*
Australia 39.4%

3-3-5

* Estimate has a high margin of error and should be used with caution

Data source: ABS 2019

_


Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2018, Prevention and Population Health, SA Health, Adelaide, 16 August 2018.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2018), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, 12 December 2018.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2019), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2018–19, Proportion of persons,' National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19, cat. no. 4715.0, 11 December 2019.