3-13

3-13. Psychological distress (anxiety and depression)

3-13-1. Psychological distress in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-13-2. Psychological distress in South Australia – by age and sex

3-13-3. Psychological distress in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-13-4. Psychological distress in Australia – by state and territory

3-13-5. Psychological distress – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-13-1. Psychological distress in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, around one in ten (9.2%) South Australians aged 18 years or more had recently experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress1.
  • Levels of psychological distress are defined using the Kessler 10 Item (K10) Psychological Distress Questionnaire, a checklist to measure whether a person may have been affected by anxiety and depression during the past four weeks.
  • The rate is highest in the Northern Adelaide Local Health Network (LHN) at 10.3%1.
  • The proportion of high to very high levels of psychological distress reported amongst residents of metropolitan Adelaide (8.8%) is not statistically significantly less than that of Country SA (10.1%), taking into account sampling margin of error1.
  • No statistically significant trend over the last decade in the proportion of people reporting high or very high levels of psychological distress was identified in the metropolitan Adelaide or Country SA series1.

 

High or very high levels of psychological distress (aged 18+ years), 2016
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide LHN 10.3%
Central Adelaide LHN 7.8%
Southern Adelaide LHN 8.6%
Metropolitan Adelaide 8.8%
Country SA LHN 10.1%
South Australia 9.2%
Australia n.a.

3-13-1

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-13-2. Psychological distress in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of the population aged 18 years and over that had recently experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress was around two times higher for females (11.3%) than males (6.8%)1.
  • Levels of psychological distress are defined using the Kessler 10 Item (K10) Psychological Distress Questionnaire, a checklist to measure whether a person may have been affected by anxiety and depression during the past four weeks.
  • The extent to which people reported high to very high levels of psychological distress varied with age with prevalence particularly high in the 25-34 years age cohorts for females1.

 


High or very high levels of psychological distress (aged 18+ years), 2016
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 4.6% 9.3%
25-34 9.3% 15.1%
35-44 7.4% 12.6%
45-54 7.4% 12.7%
55-64 8.1% 13.0%
65-74 6.7% 7.8%
75+ 4.7% 5.7%
All ages 6.8% 11.3%

3-13-2

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-13-3. Psychological distress in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • In 2016, there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who have recently experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress and the socio-economic status of the geographic area in which they live1.
  • Levels of psychological distress are defined using the Kessler 10 Item (K10) Psychological Distress Questionnaire, a checklist to measure whether a person may have been affected by anxiety and depression during the past four weeks.
  • The prevalence of high to very high psychological distress in areas constituting South Australia's lowest socio-economic (SES) quintile (13.0%) is more than double that of the highest SES quintile (5.5%)1.

 

High or very high levels of psychological distress (aged 18+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 13.0%
Low SES 12.7%
Middle SES 7.2%
High SES 7.5%
Highest SES 5.5%

3-13-3

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-13-4. Psychological distress in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over reporting living with high or very high levels of psychological distress as a long-term condition. It is not directly comparable to the 2016 information in 3-13-1 to 3-13-3 above.
  • Levels of psychological distress are defined using the Kessler 10 Item (K10) Psychological Distress Questionnaire, a checklist to measure whether a person may have been affected by anxiety and depression during the past four weeks.
  • The national survey results are broadly in line with the state-based figures, showing that 13.6% of the age-standardised population in South Australia are living with high or very high levels of psychological distress as a condition which has lasted, or is expected to last, for 6 months or more. This is an increase over the 11.4% reported in the previous survey (for 2011-12)2.
  • The South Australian rate is a little higher than the Australia-wide rate of 11.8% and estimated to be higher than all states and territories except Tasmania2.

 


High/very high psychological distress, people (aged 18+ years), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 8.1%
Western Australia 9.9%
Australian Capital Territory 11.0%
New South Wales 11.1%
Queensland 12.0%
Victoria 12.5%
South Australia 13.6%
Tasmania 14.0%
Australia 11.8%

3-13-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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3-13-5. Psychological distress – Aboriginal people

  • Around a third (31.8%) of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years or more have recently experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress3.
  • Levels of psychological distress are defined here using the Kessler 5 Item (K5) Psychological Distress Questionnaire, a subset of five questions from the Kessler 10 Item (K10) Psychological Distress Questionnaire, a checklist to measure whether a person may have been affected by anxiety and depression during the past four weeks.
  • As such, and because it is based on data collected for 2012-13 rather than 2011-12, this indicator is not directly comparable with the all-person figures in 3-13-4 above3.
  • South Australia's rate was above the national average for Aboriginal people of 30.1%, ranking this jurisdiction second highest of the states and territories3.

 


Psychological distress - Aboriginal people (aged 15+ years), 2012-13
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 23.3%
Tasmania 26.5%
Western Australia 29.8%
Australian Capital Territory 30.3%
Queensland 31.1%
New South Wales 31.2%
South Australia 31.8%
Victoria 32.3%
Australia 30.1%

3-13-5

Data source: ABS 2014

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Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2017, Population Health Surveys, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2014), 'Table 12.3 Smoker status, by State/Territory by sex, Proportion of persons', Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: Updated results 2012-13, cat no 4727.0.55.006, viewed 08 October 2014.