3-12

3-12. Smoking prevalence

3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, around one in seven (14.9%) South Australians aged 15 years or older reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly1.
  • The rate varies between SA Health Local Health Networks (LHNs), from 12.3% in the Southern Adelaide LHN up to 17.3% in the Northern Adelaide LHN. The Country SA rate was 17.2% in 20161.
  • Over the last decade, smoking prevalence has statistically significantly decreased in metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA1.
  • E-cigarettes: In 2016, 85.2% of the South Australian population reported that they had heard of e-cigarettes but only 1.3% were current users of e-cigarettes1.

 

All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2016
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide LHN 17.3%
Central Adelaide LHN 12.6%
Southern Adelaide LHN 12.3%
Metropolitan Adelaide 14.0%
Country SA LHN 17.2%
South Australia 14.9%
Australia n.a.

3-12-1

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of the state's population aged 15 years and over that reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly was higher among males (16.7%) than females (13.3%)1.
  • Smoking prevalence varied greatly with age, peaking in the 25-34 years age cohort for males (21.3%) and 45-54 years age cohort for females (21.5%)1.

 


All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2016
Age (years) Males Females
15-24 12.7% 7.3%
25-34 21.3% 14.6%
35-44 17.9% 18.3%
45-54 20.2% 21.5%
55-64 20.1% 12.3%
65-74 13.0% 7.9%
75+ 4.5% 5.0%
All ages 16.7% 13.3%

3-12-2

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is a correlation evident between the proportion of people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • Smoking prevalence recorded during 2016 in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (8.3%) was less than half that recorded for the lowest SES quintile (21.6%)1.

 

All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 21.6%
Low SES 19.9%
Middle SES 14.8%
High SES 8.6%
Highest SES 8.3%

3-12-3

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over reporting being current daily smokers and is age-standardised. It is not directly comparable to the 2016 Health Omnibus Survey information in sections 3-12-1 to 3-12-3 above which is for people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly.
  • However, the national survey results are broadly in line with the state-based figures, revealing that 13.5% of the population in South Australia are current daily smokers. This is a reduction from the 17.4% reported in the previous survey (for 2011-12)2.
  • The South Australian proportion of current smokers is estimated to be a little below the Australia-wide rate of 14.7% and is at the bottom of the range of rates reported for the states and territories, with only the Australian Capital Territory having a lower estimated rate2.

 


Current daily smokers (ages 18+ years), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Australian Capital Territory 12.2%
South Australia 13.5%
Victoria 13.9%
Western Australia 14.2%
New South Wales 14.4%
Queensland 16.3%
Tasmania 19.3%
Northern Territory 19.9%
Australia 14.7%

3-12-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people

  • More than a third (35.4%) of Aboriginal people aged 15 years or older in South Australia reported being a current daily smoker in 2014-15, below the national average for Aboriginal people of 38.9%3.
  • Although the figures are not directly comparable, due to differing sources and methodologies, this rate is significantly higher than the 15.7% of all South Australians aged 15 years or older who reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly (see 3-12-1 above)3.
  • Compared to Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked the lowest for this indicator3.

 


Current daily smokers - Aboriginal people (ages 15+ years), 2014-15
State/Territory %
South Australia 35.4%
Tasmania 36.5%
Australian Capital Territory 36.9%
Queensland 38.1%
New South Wales 38.3%
Victoria 38.4%
Western Australia 41.5%
Northern Territory 44.5%
Australia 38.9%

3-12-5

Data source: ABS 2016

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Sources

  1. Based on Health Omnibus Survey customised extract 2017, Drug and Alcohol Services South Australia, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2016), 'Table 2.3 Selected characteristics, by state or territory of usual residence, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons aged 15 years and over – 2014-15, Proportion of persons', National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, Australia, 2014-15, cat. no. 4714.0, viewed 6 September 2016.