3-12. Smoking prevalence
3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network
- In 2016, around one in seven (14.9%) South Australians aged 15 years or older reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly.
- The rate varies between SA Health Local Health Networks (LHNs), from 12.3% in the Southern Adelaide LHN up to 17.3% in the Northern Adelaide LHN. The Country SA rate was 17.2% in 2016.
- Over the last decade, smoking prevalence has statistically significantly decreased in metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA.
- E-cigarettes: In 2016, 85.2% of the South Australian population reported that they had heard of e-cigarettes but only 1.3% were current users of e-cigarettes.
|Local Health Network||%|
|Northern Adelaide LHN||17.3%|
|Central Adelaide LHN||12.6%|
|Southern Adelaide LHN||12.3%|
|Country SA LHN||17.2%|
3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex
- In 2016, the proportion of the state's population aged 15 years and over that reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly was higher among males (16.7%) than females (13.3%).
- Smoking prevalence varied greatly with age, peaking in the 25-34 years age cohort for males (21.3%) and 45-54 years age cohort for females (21.5%).
3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status
- There is a correlation evident between the proportion of people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live.
- Smoking prevalence recorded during 2016 in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (8.3%) was less than half that recorded for the lowest SES quintile (21.6%).
|Socio-economic status (SES)||%|
3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory
- Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over reporting being current daily smokers and is age-standardised. It is not directly comparable to the 2016 Health Omnibus Survey information in sections 3-12-1 to 3-12-3 above which is for people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly.
- However, the national survey results are broadly in line with the state-based figures, revealing that 13.5% of the population in South Australia are current daily smokers. This is a reduction from the 17.4% reported in the previous survey (for 2011-12).
- The South Australian proportion of current smokers is estimated to be a little below the Australia-wide rate of 14.7% and is at the bottom of the range of rates reported for the states and territories, with only the Australian Capital Territory having a lower estimated rate.
|Australian Capital Territory||12.2%|
|New South Wales||14.4%|
3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people
- More than a third (35.4%) of Aboriginal people aged 15 years or older in South Australia reported being a current daily smoker in 2014-15, below the national average for Aboriginal people of 38.9%.
- Although the figures are not directly comparable, due to differing sources and methodologies, this rate is significantly higher than the 15.7% of all South Australians aged 15 years or older who reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly (see 3-12-1 above).
- Compared to Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked the lowest for this indicator.
|Australian Capital Territory||36.9%|
|New South Wales||38.3%|
- Based on Health Omnibus Survey customised extract 2017, Drug and Alcohol Services South Australia, SA Health, Adelaide.
- Based on ABS 2015, ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
- Based on ABS 2016, 'Table 2.3 Selected characteristics, by state or territory of usual residence, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons aged 15 years and over – 2014-15, Proportion of persons', National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, Australia, 2014-15, cat. no. 4714.0, viewed 6 September 2016.