3-12

3-12. Smoking prevalence

3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, around one in seven (14.9%) South Australians aged 15 years or older reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly.
  • The rate varies between SA Health Local Health Networks (LHNs), from 12.3% in the Southern Adelaide LHN up to 17.3% in the Northern Adelaide LHN. The Country SA rate was 17.2% in 2016.
  • Over the last decade, smoking prevalence has statistically significantly decreased in metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA.
  • E-cigarettes: In 2016, 85.2% of the South Australian population reported that they had heard of e-cigarettes but only 1.3% were current users of e-cigarettes.

 

All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2016
Local Health Network%
Northern Adelaide LHN17.3%
Central Adelaide LHN12.6%
Southern Adelaide LHN12.3%
Metropolitan Adelaide14.0%
Country SA LHN17.2%
South Australia14.9%
Australian.a.

3-12-1

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3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of the state's population aged 15 years and over that reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly was higher among males (16.7%) than females (13.3%).
  • Smoking prevalence varied greatly with age, peaking in the 25-34 years age cohort for males (21.3%) and 45-54 years age cohort for females (21.5%).

 


All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2016
Age (years)MalesFemales
15-2412.7%7.3%
25-3421.3%14.6%
35-4417.9%18.3%
45-5420.2%21.5%
55-6420.1%12.3%
65-7413.0%7.9%
75+4.5%5.0%
All ages16.7%13.3%

3-12-2

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3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is a correlation evident between the proportion of people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live.
  • Smoking prevalence recorded during 2016 in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (8.3%) was less than half that recorded for the lowest SES quintile (21.6%).

 

All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES)%
Lowest SES21.6%
Low SES19.9%
Middle SES14.8%
High SES8.6%
Highest SES8.3%

3-12-3

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3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over reporting being current daily smokers and is age-standardised. It is not directly comparable to the 2016 Health Omnibus Survey information in sections 3-12-1 to 3-12-3 above which is for people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly.
  • However, the national survey results are broadly in line with the state-based figures, revealing that 13.5% of the population in South Australia are current daily smokers. This is a reduction from the 17.4% reported in the previous survey (for 2011-12).
  • The South Australian proportion of current smokers is estimated to be a little below the Australia-wide rate of 14.7% and is at the bottom of the range of rates reported for the states and territories, with only the Australian Capital Territory having a lower estimated rate.

 


Current daily smokers (ages 18+ years), 2014–15 (age-standardised)
State/Territory%
Australian Capital Territory12.2%
South Australia13.5%
Victoria13.9%
Western Australia14.2%
New South Wales14.4%
Queensland16.3%
Tasmania19.3%
Northern Territory19.9%
Australia14.7%

3-12-4

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3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people

  • More than a third (35.4%) of Aboriginal people aged 15 years or older in South Australia reported being a current daily smoker in 2014-15, below the national average for Aboriginal people of 38.9%.
  • Although the figures are not directly comparable, due to differing sources and methodologies, this rate is significantly higher than the 15.7% of all South Australians aged 15 years or older who reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly (see 3-12-1 above).
  • Compared to Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked the lowest for this indicator.

 


Current daily smokers - Aboriginal people (ages 15+ years), 2014-15
State/Territory%
South Australia35.4%
Tasmania36.5%
Australian Capital Territory36.9%
Queensland38.1%
New South Wales38.3%
Victoria38.4%
Western Australia41.5%
Northern Territory44.5%
Australia38.9%

3-12-5

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Sources

  1. Based on Health Omnibus Survey customised extract 2017, Drug and Alcohol Services South Australia, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on ABS 2015, ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on ABS 2016, 'Table 2.3 Selected characteristics, by state or territory of usual residence, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons aged 15 years and over – 2014-15, Proportion of persons', National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, Australia, 2014-15, cat. no. 4714.0, viewed 6 September 2016.