3-10

3-10. High blood pressure

3-10-1. High blood pressure in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-10-2. High blood pressure in South Australia – by age and sex

3-10-3. High blood pressure in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-10-4. High blood pressure in Australia – by state and territory

3-10-5. High blood pressure – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-10-1. High blood pressure in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2016, around a quarter (23.1%) South Australians aged 18 years or more self-reported that they had current doctor-diagnosed high blood pressure and/or were on medication for high blood pressure1.
  • The rate varies marginally between the three metropolitan Adelaide Local Health Networks (LHNs) and the prevalence of high blood pressure among Country SA residents (22.0%) is essentially equivalent (no statistically significant difference) to the overall metropolitan Adelaide rate of 23.5%1.
  • Over the last decade the proportion of people reporting living with high blood pressure has statistically significantly increased for metropolitan Adelaide residents but not Country SA1.

 

High blood pressure and/or on medication for high blood pressure (aged 18+ years), 2016
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide LHN 25.1%
Central Adelaide LHN 21.0%
Southern Adelaide LHN 24.8%
Metropolitan Adelaide 23.5%
Country SA LHN 22.0%
South Australia 23.1%
Australia n.a.

3-10-1

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-10-2. High blood pressure in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2016, the proportion of males aged 18 years and over who self-reported that they were living with doctor-diagnosed high blood pressure and/or were on medication for high blood pressure (24.4%) was statistically significantly higher than the corresponding female rate (21.8%)1.
  • The prevalence of high blood pressure is correlated with age1.

 


High blood pressure and/or on medication for high blood pressure (aged 18+ years), 2016
Age (years) Males Females
18-24 1.5% 0.0%
25-34 3.0% 0.7%
35-44 3.4% 10.3%
45-54 25.7% 14.4%
55-64 36.0% 33.0%
65-74 54.1% 52.8%
75+ 57.9% 63.3%
All ages 24.4% 21.8%

3-10-2

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-10-3. High blood pressure in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 18 years and over who self-report that they are living with doctor-diagnosed high blood pressure and/or are on medication for high blood pressure and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.

 

High blood pressure and/or on medication for high blood pressure (aged 18+ years), 2016
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 28.2%
Low SES 25.6%
Middle SES 22.9%
High SES 20.1%
Highest SES 18.4%

3-10-3

Data source: SA Health 2017

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3-10-4. High blood pressure in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2014-15 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over and is based on measured blood pressure which is 140/90 mmHg or higher. This is, therefore, not directly comparable to the 2016 information  in 3-8-4 to 3-8-6 above which is based on people aged 18 years and over who self-reported having doctor-diagnosed high blood pressure and/or being on medication for high blood pressure.
  • The national survey does corroborate the findings from the state-specific survey, with about a quarter (24.5%) of South Australians estimated to be living with high blood pressure2.
  • The South Australian rate is similar, given margins for error in the estimation, to the Australia-wide figure of 23.0% but it is – as was the case for the previous survey for 2011-12 – the state with the second-highest estimated prevalence rate of high blood pressure of the reported jurisdictions, only Tasmania having a higher rate2.

 


High blood pressure (≥140/90 mmHg) (aged 18+ years), 2014–15
State/Territory %
Northern Territory 19.7%
Western Australia 20.6%
New South Wales 22.5%
Queensland 23.2%
Australian Capital Territory 23.2%
Victoria 23.7%
South Australia 24.5%
Tasmania 28.4%
Australia 23.0%

3-10-4

Data source: ABS 2015

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3-10-5. High blood pressure – Aboriginal people

  • In 2012, one in five (20.0%) Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in South Australia self-reported that they were living with doctor-diagnosed high blood pressure and/or were on medication for high blood pressure3.
  • Although the survey from which this data was drawn did not include the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, the Country SA rate as a whole (24.8%) is not statistically significantly higher than metropolitan Adelaide (17.6%)3.
  • However, the prevalence of high blood pressure amongst Aboriginal people in remote South Australia is extremely high at 39.8%3.
  • The Aboriginal rate of persons aged 15 years and over for 2012 is roughly comparable to the 16 years and over all-population rate for 2014 reported for South Australia in 3-10-1 above (21.3%)3.

 


Aboriginal people with high blood pressure and/or on medication for high blood pressure (aged 15+ years), March 2012
Region %
Metropolitan Adelaide 17.6%
Rural SA 16.9%
Remote SA* 39.8%
Country SA 24.8%
South Australia 20.0%
Australia n.a.

3-10-5

* Survey did not include APY Lands

Data source: University of Adelaide 2012


Sources

  1. Based on South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System customised extract 2017, Population Health Surveys, SA Health, Adelaide.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2015), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, viewed 6 June 2016.
  3. Based on Taylor, A, Marin, T, Avery, J & Dal Grande, E 2012, 'Appendix A: A5.6 High blood pressure,' South Australian Aboriginal health survey, Population
    research and outcome studies, University of Adelaide, Adelaide.