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Staying healthy and ageing well

 

In summary

  • The life expectancy of a male baby born in South Australia is 80.1 years.
  • The life expectancy of a female baby born in South Australia is 84.3 years.
  • Aboriginal life expectancy data is unavailable for South Australia specifically, but nationally stands at 69.1 years for Aboriginal males at birth and 73.7 years for Aboriginal females at birth.
  • The vast majority (81.1%) of South Australians self-report that their general health status is good, very good, or excellent.
  • Less than half (42.4%) of South Australians are eating the recommended two or more serves of fruit per day.
  • Around one in ten (10.6%) South Australians report eating five or more serves of vegetables per day.
  • Under half (48.9%) of South Australians undertake 150 minutes or more of walking, moderate or vigorous physical activity per week.
  • Around one in five (21.5%) of South Australians have a disability -- defined in this context as a limitation, restriction or impairment, which has lasted, or is likely to last, for at least six months and restricts everyday activities. South Australia's prevalence of disability in the population is the highest of the mainland Australian states and territories.
  • A smaller percentage, around one in twenty (5.5%), are in need of assistance with core activities due to profound or severe disability. South Australia's prevalence of profound/severe disability is also the highest of the mainland Australian states and territories.
  • About a third (33.0%) of South Australians are living with two or more of the following risk factors: (i) current high blood pressure; (ii) current high cholesterol; (iii) undertakes less than 150 minutes per week of walking, moderate or vigorous physical activity; (iv) overweight or obese; (v) current smoker; (vi) long-term alcohol risk; and/or (vii) insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetables.
  • More than a quarter (26.1%) of South Australians drink at levels on a single occasion that puts them at risk of an alcohol-related injury arising from that particular event. Under current guidelines, that is more than four standard drinks on a single occasion at least monthly.
  • About one in six (16.5%) South Australians are consuming alcohol at levels that puts them at lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury. Under current guidelines, that is more than two standard drinks on any day.
  • Approximately two-thirds (61.4%) of South Australians have a Body Mass Index which the World Health Organisation defines as overweight or obese.
  • Around a quarter (23.1%) of South Australians have high blood pressure and/or are on medication for high blood pressure.
  • Under one in five (16.5%) South Australians have high cholesterol and/or are on medication for high cholesterol. The trend has been increasing in metropolitan Adelaide over the last five years.
  • Around one in seven (14.9%) South Australians are current smokers.
  • Approximately one in ten (9.2%) South Australians have recently experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress.
  • Roughly one in ten (9.6%) South Australians have ever been told by a doctor that they have (or had) cancer.
  • Just under one in six (15.7%) South Australians aged 14 years and older reported using drugs illicitly, including the use of pharmaceuticals for non-medical purposes, in the previous 12 months.