2-6

2-6. Low birthweight

2-6-1. Low birthweight

2-6-2. Aboriginal low birthweight

Sources

 

2-6-1. Low birthweight

  • A baby's birthweight is a key indicator of health status and babies are defined as low
    birthweight if their weight at birth is less than 2,500 grams.
  • In 2013, the mean birthweight of liveborn babies in South Australia was 3,327 grams, compared to the Australian average of 3,355 grams.
  • Around one in 14 (7.2%) of those were low birthweight in South Australia during that year, greater than the 6.4% national average.
  • The trend in percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies in South Australia has been slightly increasing since 2008, compared to a relatively flat trend nationally over the last decade.
  • South Australia ranks second highest for proportion of low birthweight babies of the states and territories.

 

Live births less than 2500g, 2013
Region%
Metropolitan Adelaiden.a.
Country SAn.a.
South Australia7.2%
Australia6.4%

2-6-1 SA

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Live births less than 2500g, 2013
State/Territory%
New South Wales6.0%
Western Australia6.3%
Victoria6.4%
Queensland6.5%
Australian Capital Territory7.1%
Tasmania7.1%
South Australia7.2%
Northern Territory8.3%
Australia6.4%

2-6-1 AU

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2-6-2. Aboriginal low birth weight

  • A baby's birthweight is a key indicator of health status and babies are defined as low
    birthweight if their weight at birth is less than 2,500 grams.
  • In 2013, the mean birthweight of liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia was 3,126 grams, less than the national mean for babies born to Aboriginal mothers (3,200 grams), and less than the South Australian average for all mothers of 3,327 grams (see 2-6-1 above).
  • Around one in seven (14.8%) of liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia during 2013 were low birthweight, a higher rate than the 12.2% recorded nationally.
  • The trend in percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers, both here in South Australia and nationally, has been slightly downwards over the last decade.
  • Of the states and territories, South Australia ranks third highest for percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers.

 

Live births less than 2500g, Aboriginal mothers, 2013
Region%
Metropolitan Adelaiden.a.
Country SAn.a.
South Australia14.8%
Australia12.2%

2-6-2 SA

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Live births less than 2500g, Aboriginal mothers, 2013
State/Territory%
New South Wales10.9%
Queensland11.1%
Victoria11.3%
Tasmania12.8%
Western Australia13.7%
South Australia14.8%
Northern Territory15.0%
Australian Capital Territory19.2%
Australia12.2%

2-6-2 AU

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Sources

  1. Based on AIHW 2015, 'Table 3.8: Live births, by birthweight and state and territory, 2013' and 'Table 3.11: Live births of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers, by birthweight and state and territory, 2013', Australia's mothers and babies 2013 -- in brief, Supplementary tables, Perinatal statistics series no. 31, Cat no. PER 72, viewed 10 March 2016.