2-6

2-6. Low birthweight

2-6-1. Low birthweight

2-6-2. Aboriginal low birthweight

Sources

 

2-6-1. Low birthweight

  • A baby's birthweight is a key indicator of health status and babies are defined as low birthweight if their weight at birth is less than 2,500 grams.
  • In 2017, the mean birthweight of liveborn babies in South Australia was 3,330 grams, compared to the Australian average of 3,328 grams.1
  • Around one in 15 (6.8%) of those were low birthweight in South Australia during that year, greater than the 6.7% national average.1
  • The trend in percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies in South Australia has been slightly increasing since 2008, compared to a relatively flat trend nationally over the last decade.1
  • South Australia ranks fourth highest for proportion of low birthweight babies of the states and territories.

 

Live births less than 2500g, 2017
Region %
Metropolitan Adelaide n.a.
Country SA n.a.
South Australia 6.8%
Australia 6.7%

2 6 1 sa 2019 10 01

Data source: AIHW 2017

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Live births less than 2500g, 2017
State/Territory %
New South Wales 6.2%
Western Australia 6.7%
Victoria 6.7%
South Australia  6.8%
Queensland  7.0%
Australian Capital Territory 7.8%
Tasmania 7.9%
Northern Territory 8.6%
Australia 6.7%

2 6 1 au 2019 10 01

Data source: AIHW 2017

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2-6-2. Aboriginal low birth weight

  • A baby's birthweight is a key indicator of health status and babies are defined as low
    birthweight if their weight at birth is less than 2,500 grams.
  • In 2017, the mean birthweight of liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia was 3,121 grams, less than the national mean for babies born to Aboriginal mothers (3,202 grams), and less than the South Australian average for all mothers of 3,330 grams (see 2-6-1 above).1
  • Around one in six (16%) of liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia during 2016 were low birthweight, a higher rate than the 12.5% recorded nationally.1
  • The trend in percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers, both here in South Australia and nationally, has been stable over the last decade.
  • Of the states and territories, South Australia ranks second highest for percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers.1

 

Live births less than 2500g, Aboriginal mothers, 2017
Region %
Metropolitan Adelaide n.a.
Country SA n.a.
South Australia 16.0%
Australia 12.5%

2 6 2 sa 2019 10 01

Data source: AIHW 2017

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Live births less than 2500g, Aboriginal mothers, 2017
State/Territory %
New South Wales  10.3% 
Queensland 12.2%
Tasmania 12.2%
Victoria 13.8%
Western Australia   13.8%
Northern Territory 14.9%
South Australia 16.0%
Australian Capital Territory 16.8%
Australia 12.5%

2 6 2 au 2019 10 01

Data source: AIHW 2017

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Sources

  1. Based on Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW 2017), 'Table 3.8: Live births, by birthweight and state and territory, 2017' and 'Table 3.11: Live births of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers, by birthweight and state and territory, 2017', Australia's mothers and babies 2017 -- in brief, Supplementary tables, Perinatal statistics series no. 35, Cat no. PER 100, viewed 30 Septemner 2019.