2-6

2-6. Low birthweight

2-6-1. Low birthweight

2-6-2. Aboriginal low birthweight

Sources

 

2-6-1. Low birthweight

  • A baby's birthweight is a key indicator of health status and babies are defined as low
    birthweight if their weight at birth is less than 2,500 grams.
  • In 2016, the mean birthweight of liveborn babies in South Australia was 3,324 grams, compared to the Australian average of 3,336 grams.1
  • Around one in 14 (7.1%) of those were low birthweight in South Australia during that year, greater than the 6.5% national average.1
  • The trend in percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies in South Australia has been slightly increasing since 2008, compared to a relatively flat trend nationally over the last decade.1
  • South Australia ranks third highest for proportion of low birthweight babies of the states and territories.

 

Live births less than 2500g, 2016
Region %
Metropolitan Adelaide n.a.
Country SA n.a.
South Australia 7.1%
Australia 6.5%

2-6-1 SA

Data source: AIHW 2018

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Live births less than 2500g, 2016
State/Territory %
New South Wales 6.0%
Western Australia 6.5%
Victoria 6.6%
Queensland 6.7%
Australian Capital Territory 7.1%
South Australia 7.1%
Tasmania 8.3%
Northern Territory 9.1%
Australia 6.5%

2-6-1 AU

Data source: AIHW 2018

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2-6-2. Aboriginal low birth weight

  • A baby's birthweight is a key indicator of health status and babies are defined as low
    birthweight if their weight at birth is less than 2,500 grams.
  • In 2016, the mean birthweight of liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia was 3,183 grams, less than the national mean for babies born to Aboriginal mothers (3,216 grams), and less than the South Australian average for all mothers of 3,324 grams (see 2-6-1 above).1
  • Around one in seven (13.8%) of liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers in South Australia during 2016 were low birthweight, a higher rate than the 11.6% recorded nationally.1
  • The trend in percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers, both here in South Australia and nationally, has been slightly downwards over the last decade.
  • Of the states and territories, South Australia ranks fourth highest for percentage of low birthweight liveborn babies to Aboriginal mothers.1

 

Live births less than 2500g, Aboriginal mothers, 2016
Region %
Metropolitan Adelaide n.a.
Country SA n.a.
South Australia 13.8%
Australia 11.6%

2-6-2 SA

Data source: AIHW 2018

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Live births less than 2500g, Aboriginal mothers, 2016
State/Territory %
Victoria 10.1%
New South Wales 10.2%
Queensland 10.4%
Tasmania 12.5%
South Australia 13.8%
Western Australia 14.3%
Northern Territory 15.0%
Australian Capital Territory 15.6%
Australia 11.6%

2-6-2 AU

Data source: AIHW 2018

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Sources

  1. Based on Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW 2018), 'Table 3.8: Live births, by birthweight and state and territory, 2016' and 'Table 3.11: Live births of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers, by birthweight and state and territory, 2016', Australia's mothers and babies 2016 -- in brief, Supplementary tables, Perinatal statistics series no. 31, Cat no. PER 72, viewed 10 August 2018.