2-3. Folate intake before and during pregnancy
2-3-1. Awareness of benefits of folate intake – by region
- In 2013, around 1 in 13 (7.7%) of South Australians aged 16 years or more were aware that a woman should take folic acid before pregnancy, and in the first three months of pregnancy, to reduce her chance of having a baby with spina bifida.
- There is no statistically significant difference between the rate reported by people in metropolitan Adelaide compared to Country SA residents.
- The level of awareness in the South Australian community of the benefits of folic acid before and during pregnancy decreased significantly between 2010 and 2013.
2-3-2. Awareness of benefits of folate intake – by age and sex
- In 2013, the proportion of people aware of the benefits of folic acid intake before and during pregnancy was double in the female population aged 16 years and over compared to their male counterparts.
- The highest recorded proportion is in the female aged 35-44 years cohort, with the 25-34 year-old female cohort also represented relatively highly.
2-3-3. Awareness of benefits of folate intake – by socio-economic status
- Awareness of the benefits of folic acid intake before and after pregnancy is fairly consistent across the South Australian socio-economic quintiles.
|Socio-economic status (SES)||%|
2-3-4. Type of folic acid intake
- The most common type of folic acid intake chosen by women before and during the first three months of pregnancy is daily folic acid tablets, accounting for over half of the types taken in South Australia in 2013.
|Folic acid intake type||%|
|Folic acid tablets every day||55.3%|
|Increased intake of foods rich in folate or folic acid, such as green leafy vegetables, cereals and fruits||22.5%|
|Eating cereals or other prepared foods/juices specially enriched with folic acid every day||22.2%|
- Based on Health Information Portal database 2014, ‘Management Reporting, Reports, South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System Online, Folate Awareness’, SA Department of Health, Adelaide, viewed 13 October 2014.