1-2. Demographic profile
1-2-1. People born overseas
Almost a quarter (24.4%) of South Australians identified in the 2016 Census that they were born overseas. South Australia accounts for 6.2% of Australia’s total population born overseas. South Australia has a lower proportion of its population born overseas compared to the national average (28.3%), and is ranked fifth highest when compared to all states and territories. Proportionally, the largest group of South Australians born overseas are aged between 25 and 44 years at 27.9%.1
The 2016 Census found that 15.2% of South Australians were born in predominantly non-English speaking countries. This is lower than the national average of 19.3%.1
1-2-2. Language spoken at home
Around one in six (17.4%) South Australians speak a language other than English at home, according to the 2016 Census. Italian and Mandarin are the most common at 10.4% of the non-English languages spoken at home, followed by Greek at 8.2%. At the time of the 2016 Census, 2.2% of the South Australian population could not speak English well, or could not speak English at all – predominantly persons born overseas and aged 45 years or older.1
1-2-3. Carers in the community
Data for 2015 shows that there are an estimated 242,400 carers in South Australia, representing 14.7% of people of the population. A higher proportion of South Australian females are carers than males (15.8% and 13.6% respectively). South Australia has the fourth highest proportion of carers when compared to all states and territories.2
Of the 242,400 carers in South Australia, 74,800 (or 30.9%) are primary carers. Primary carers are those aged 15 years and over who identified themselves as providing the most informal assistance with core activities to a person with a disability or to a person aged 60 years and over. A higher proportion of females are primary carers compared to their male counterparts (6.3% and 2.9% of all persons, respectively).2
- Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2017), 'General Community Profile', 2016 Census of Population and Housing, cat. no. 2001.0, viewed 9 August 2018.
- Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2016), Data Cubes, 'Table 32.1 All persons, living in households, carer status, by age and sex–2015, estimate', Disability, Ageing and Carers, Australia: Summary of Findings, 2015, cat. no. 4430.0, viewed 24 August 2018.