1-2. Demographic profile
1-2-1. People born overseas
Almost a quarter (23.2%) of South Australians identified in the 2011 Census that they were born overseas. South Australia accounts for 6.7% of Australia’s total population born overseas. South Australia has a lower proportion of its population born overseas compared to the national average, and is ranked fifth highest when compared to all states and territories. Proportionally, the largest group of South Australians born overseas are aged between 75 and 84 years at 41.1%.
The 2011 Census found that 13.3% of South Australians were born in predominantly non-English speaking countries. This is lower than the national average of 16.6%.
1-2-2. Language spoken at home
Around one in seven (15.0%) South Australians speak a language other than English at home, according to the 2011 Census. Italian is the most common at 14.5% of the non-English languages spoken at home, followed by Greek and Mandarin at 11.0% and 7.2%, respectively. At the time of the 2011 Census, 2.6% of the South Australian population could not speak English well, or could not speak English at all – predominantly persons born overseas and aged 75 years or older.
1-2-3. Carers in the community
Data for 2012 shows that there are an estimated 219,000 carers in South Australia, representing 13.4% of people of the population. A higher proportion of South Australian females are carers than males (14.4% and 12.4% respectively). South Australia has the third highest proportion of carers when compared to all states and territories.
Of the 219,000 carers in South Australia, 56,000 (or 25.6%) are primary carers. Primary carers are those aged 15 years and over who identified themselves as providing the most informal assistance with core activities to a person with a disability or to a person aged 60 years and over. A higher proportion of females are primary carers compared to their male counterparts (32.0% and 18.1% of all carers, respectively).
- Based on ABS 2011, 'Basic Community Profile, South Australia', 2011 Census of Population and Housing, cat. no. 2001.0, viewed June 2012.
- Based on ABS 2011, 'Expanded Community Profile, South Australia', 2011 Census of Population and Housing, cat. no. 2005.0, viewed June 2012.
- Based on ABS 2014,' Table 2 ALL PERSONS LIVING IN HOUSEHOLDS, Carer status, by geographic location and sex-2003, 2009 and 2012', Caring in the community, Australia, 2012, cat. no. 44360do001_2012, viewed 1 Oct 2014.