The demographic profile of South Australia


In summary

  • The population of South Australia is just under 1.7 million people, which represents about one in 14 (7.1%) of the total Australian population (23.8 million people).
  • Over ten years, South Australia's population has grown at an average 1.0% per year. Net overseas migration and natural increase has offset negative net interstate migration.
  • The Aboriginal population of South Australia is 37,408 people, representing 2.3% of the state population.
  • Over a quarter of South Australia's population live outside of metropolitan Adelaide.
  • Over the last decade most of the population growth in South Australia has occurred in the Northern Adelaide Local Health Network.
  • South Australia has a relatively older population when compared nationally.
  • Almost a quarter (23.2%) of South Australians were born overseas, and 13.3% of South Australians were born in predominantly non-English speaking countries.
  • Around 1 in 7 (15.0%) South Australians speak a language other than English at home, including 2.6% who can not speak English well, or can not speak English at all.
  • Over 1 in 7 (13.4%) of the state's population are carers, and around a quarter of those are primary carers.
  • Selected median income measures for South Australia are below those for Australia as a whole. Income measures for Aboriginal people/households in South Australia are significantly below the state and national benchmarks.
  • Approximately 1 in 10 (10.8%) South Australians aged between 15 and 64 years are living alone, above the national average.
  • Also, just under 1 in 3 (29.7%) South Australians aged 65 years and over are living alone, again above the national average
  • The economic and social conditions of people and households within this state are below the national average.
  • Less than half (48.4%) of persons aged 15 years and over who are no longer attending primary or secondary school have completed Year 12 or equivalent as their highest year of school attainment, and just over a quarter (25.2%) of Aboriginal people in South Australia aged 15 years and over have done so.
  • Under half (46.0%) of the South Australian population are insured with private hospital treatment cover. This is slightly below the national average of 47.2%. There is a greater proportion (59.3%) of South Australians with private general treatment (i.e. ancillary) cover, and this is higher than the national average of 55.8%.
  • Average out-of-pocket payment for medical services (where an out-of-pocket payment was payable) is $51.17 in South Australia. This is well below the national average of $136.29.